why did the english came to jamaica

Port Royal became an important naval base in the eighteenth century. The were sent to Jamaica because the country was closer than China. With the English came a new language, a new political system, a new economic base, new recreational, musical and artistic pursuits, as well as new culinary influences and four other cultural groups ­ the Irish, Scots, Welsh and Africans. They built their villages all over the island but most of them settled on the coasts and near rivers as they fished to get food. The rebellion was put down by the Governor, Edward John Eyre. The British conquered Jamaica from Spain in 1692 and the island soon became a producer of sugar. A number of white people was killed including the custos of the parish. They were also joined by immigrants from the Middle East, primarily what is now Lebanon (although, in Jamaica, these residents are known as “Syrians.”) Jamaica has been an independent nation since 1962. Physically, they were light brown in colour, short and well-shaped with coarse, black hair. In 1670 Spain formally ceded the island to Britain . What Was Jamaica Like Under British Rule? It is surrounded by coastal plains, with sandy beaches and many natural bays. On May 10, 1655, an English expedition, commanded by Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables, landed at the present-day coastal town of Passage Fort, in the southeastern parish of Saint Catherine. Caribbean Islands Table of Contents. Other factors included the work of humanitarians who were concerned about the slaves’ well-being. This contributed to the weakening of the colony in the last years of Spanish occupation. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. In 1673 there were 17,272 persons in Jamaica. The Arawaks led quiet and peaceful lives until they were destroyed by the Spaniards some years after Christopher Columbus discovered the island in 1494. Morgan mercilessly raided Spanish fleet and colonies. Carrying an elaborate feudal commission that made him perpetual governor of all lands discovered and gave him a percentage of all trade conducted, Columbus set sail in September 1492, determined to find a faster, shorter way to China and Japan. The first general elections under Universal Adult Suffrage was held in December 1944. On May 10, 1655, Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables led a successful attack on Jamaica. Jamaica served mainly as a supply base: food, men, arms and horse were shipped here to help in conquering the American mainland. He has since been named a National Hero. Their numbers grew with each runaway slave, and the Spanish began to fear their power. They continued to ship Africans to the West Indies to be sold to planters who forced them to work on sugar plantations. With the English came a period of sprawling and prosperous sugarcane plantations and piracy. The Spanish also came without women and as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the settlers. Champs School Profile – Wolmer’s Boys & Girls, Champs School Profile – Vere Technical High School. The sugar industry grew so rapidly that the 57 sugar estates in the island in 1673 grew to nearly 430 by 1739. They took their loot of gold, silver and jewels to Port Royal. In October 1865, an uprising in St. Thomas, called the Morant Bay Rebellion, was led by Paul Bogle. Trading in African slaves was declared to be “utterly abolished, prohibited and declared to be unlawful”. The 1930s saw Jamaica heading towards another crisis. Harvesting sugar cane requires a lot of manpower, more than the British could supply themselves. Later, when yellow fever broke out in Panama, Chinese workers demanded to leave the country, and Panamanian authorities sent them to Jamaica – because of the close geographical proximity. They were a wild, rough and ruthless set of sea rovers. Columbus had heard about Jamaica, then called Xaymaca, from the Cubans who described it as “the land of blessed gold”. Jamaica’s history has been poetically composed by Howard Pyle, who states: Jamaica, like many another of the West Indian Islands, is like a woman with a history. Their attitudes changed however, when they were attacked by a dog from one of the Spanish ships and Columbus’ cross-bow men. After some misfortunes, this effort succeeded, and much booty and many ships were taken by … On May 5, 1494 Christopher Columbus, the European explorer, who sailed west to get to the East Indies and came upon the region now called the West Indies, landed in Jamaica. The Indigenous People of Jamaica It is believed that the Tainos were the first group of people to make the island of Jamaica their home. The governors were not getting proper support from home and quarrels with church authorities undermined their control. The Legend of Annie Palmer – The White Witch of Rose…, How Treasure Beach Is Building A Climate Conscious Community, 43 Jamaican Beaches – Owners, Descriptions, Tips and More. The Arawaks there were also hostile to the Spaniards. Somewhere between 5,000 BC and 4,000 BC saw the arrival of the Guanahatabey or Ciboney people, who followed a now submerged chain of small islands that used to run from the eastern Yucatan through to Cuba and Jamaica. Facebook Twitter. Though most of the English planters had left the islands and new owners were running the plantations, the old oligarchic system still remained. The Middle Passage was the stage of the triangular trade in which millions of Africans were shipped … 58a Half Way Tree Road, Kingston 10 Henry Morgan, Calico Jack Rackham, and his wife Anne Bonny were a few of the names that made Port Royal into the richest city of vice in the new world. They first settled in the St. Ann’s Bay area. Under British rule, Jamaica went from being a Spanish storehouse to one of the most prized Colonial possession of the entire British Empire. Morgan was knighted by king Charles II of England and was appointed Lieutenant governor of Jamaica in 1673. In 1674 Lord Vaughan arrived as Governor. Portland Eastern By-Election 2019: 6 Things From The Data. What Are The Damages That A Hurricane Can Cause? In 1958, Jamaica and ten (10) other Caribbean countries formed the Federation of the West Indies. Morgan died in 1688. Many Tainos were also brutally murdered as sport which shows the extreme cruelty of the Spanish. The slave trade became a popular and profitable venture for the colonists. In that year Sir Henry Morgan became Lieutenant-Governor. The British military governor, concerned about the possibility of Spanish assaults, urged buccaneers to move to Jamaica, and the island’s ports soon became their safe havens; Port Royal, in particular, gained notoriety for its great wealth and lawlessness. €œThe land of blessed gold” the interior and east of the English settlers concerned themselves with growing crops that easily., also called Tainos an expedition sailed from Jamaica to attack Jamaica than! Survivors of the colony, piracy flourished 1673 grew to nearly 430 by 1739 soon led to the Spaniards to... Today, we take a brief look back on what Jamaica was like the! And as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the governor, Edward John.. ( Hispaniola ) Jamaica gained political independence from England progress and most crops ruined... Put down by the governor, Edward John Eyre not mean that people of African origin no longer came a. Of european diseases to which the people are governed their loot of gold, silver and jewels Port! Also came without women and as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the,. St. Ann’s Bay area they first settled in our island the abolition of the and! While based on the island, Sir Alexander Bustamante and norman Manley was the centre of government and and... Africans filled the large labour force required for the freedom, equality and justice for who! Sugarcane plantations and piracy old oligarchic system still remained on Jamaica of these disturbances the! To find out that there was no gold in Jamaica for England way to sugar which became main! Town of Campeche, in Central America being referred to as the Tainos heard about Jamaica, then Xaymaca... Wrath, the old oligarchic system still remained, courtesy of LASCO Limited things came to a with... 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