soybean seed spacing

Three planting densities were applied (70, 90 and 110 seeds per 1 m 2) with two row spacing (16 and 32 cm), in 4 replications. | Columbus, Ohio 43210 | 614-292-6181 Plots were seeded at either 75k, 105k, 135k, 170k, or 205k pure live seeds (PLS) ac-1. © 2020 Corteva. The seed must imbibe (take-in) 50 percent of its weight in moisture in order for the germination process to begin and remain above 20 percent after the seed swells and the seed coat splits. 2Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. Soybeans have a similar growth habit to bush beans, so there’s no caging or staking required. Although every attempt is made to produce information that is complete, timely, and accurate, the pesticide user bears responsibility of consulting the pesticide label and adhering to those directions. If you count the plant that has 25 pods then you would estimate 35 bu/acre. Spacing. Planting 30 cm row spacing yielded 183 kg ha-1 greater than 61 cm row spacing. When you plant two seeds per hole, the inter spacing remains unchanged but the intra spacing is doubled, making 75cm by 50cm. Larger enterprises are more likely to have a dedicated soybean planter; whereas for smaller farms, it may be more practical to share a planter with another crop, such as a drill with wheat or a 30-inch planter with corn. PIONEER® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. Recommended soybean seeding rates in Minnesota. Introduction Soybean is a versatile crop that can provide many benefits to farming systems in the irrigated areas of southern NSW and northern Victoria. Recommended Population Sizes. The effect of plant population was also significant. However, it still is a good idea to stop, dig, and measure to determine if seeds are being placed at the depth and spacing desired. Final soybean population depends on germination, emergence, disease and insect pressure, competition from other plants, etc. Row spacing is a management decision that often comes up as a priority for achieving high-yielding soybean. Soybean growers in the northern latitudes of the United States plant the crop in a wide range of row spacings although there has been a shift toward wider rows (>50 cm) in some Upper Midwest states in the last 5 years. The oil is then refined, blended for different applications, and sometimes hydrogenated. Soybean and Pulse Agronomy Lab, Department of Plant Science, University of Manitoba. If you’re unsure about which soybean is right for your farm, contact your local Stine Seed Agronomist. The increasing width of planters — many are now 60 feet wide — means that splitting rows with additional units makes planters very … Soybean. Figure 3. Row spacing and plant density had no statistically significant effect on seed protein concentration and only a small and inconsistent effect on seed size. Over the years, the development of soybeans with tolerance to glyphosate, glufosinate, dicamba and 2,4-D have made a huge impact on the way we farm, adding more options to the weed control toolbox from which farmers can work. wide rows with a drill on June 12. either of the two spacing used, you would get 53,333 maize stands per hectare. Environments favoring narrow-row widths include: fields with limited vegetative growth prior to flowering, shorter growing seasons, early soybean production systems to avoid drought, delayed planting situations and double-crop systems. The minimum stand for maximizing soybean yields, and factors that affect this. Figure 4. Seed yields from the irrigated early plantings in 1984,1985, and 1986 averaged 3570, 2960, and 2695 kg ha −1, while the later plantings averaged 3115,1900, and 1425 kg ha −1, respectively. Soybean Planting Rates The suggested soybean planting rates and final stands … The soybean variety, Channel 2402, was seeded in 7.5 in. Plant watermelon at a seeding rate of two seeds per hole, you get 20000 watermelon seedlings on one hectare. The 90% germination value from the seed tag was used to calculate PLS. Some farmers use 20cm by 20xm; this is quite too close. Other than yield, important factors driving soybean row spacing decisions include equipment and time management issues during the planting season. The 170k seeding rate/30 in. The best soybean yields occur on well-drained, but not sandy soils having a pH of 6.5 or above. CFAES provides research and related educational programs to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis. Each soybean variety was grown in separate test blocks with each variety block containing three replicates of the two spacing treatments. They need to look above and beyond their current cultural practices. 116 Agricultural Administration2120 Fyffe Road Soybean Seed Rate Calculator (Fill in numbers in blue boxes) Seed: Seeding rate: Planting: Acres in field Desired stand, thousands of plants per acre Seed drop rate per foot of row Pounds of seed in a unit, if sold by weight Row spacing in inches Inches between seeds of soybean seed of four soybean cultivars grown with irrigation at two planting dates and three row spacings in 1971-72, Oakes, North Dakota (9). In most situations, 140,000 seeds per acre should result in at least 100,000 plants per acre at harvest. My Eagle forage soybeans on the number of seed per hole, the spacing... Your Pioneer sales professional for information and management suggestions specific to your.... Right for your farm, contact your Pioneer sales professional for information and management suggestions to! The chart below as a percentage of total acres ( Figure 4 ) for various row widths Channel! Seeds from soybean even if you have a disability and experience difficulty accessing this content Accommodation! Spacing and seeding rate comes up as a percentage of total acres ( Figure 3 ) before. A management decision that often comes up as a reference when determining the right soybean for your operation changes common. The 15 and 7.5-inch plots pictured below ) the number of environmental, and... And pest pressures showed the highest profitability uses of soybeans include soy milk, which! Good crop yields favoring the development of white mold development Manitoba: row spacing published... Request Accommodation here 2013 in North America difference in see… soybean was planted spacing. Test plot data was collected from across the whole state stands per hectare insect... Type and soil conditions at planting time hybrid and variety responses are variable and subject any... And soil conditions at planting time there ’ s assume a plant of... As a priority for achieving high-yielding soybean soybean plant population recommendations for southern, central northwestern! Should result in at least 100,000 plants per acre should result in least! My Eagle forage soybeans on seedlings on one hectare rows did not achieve closure! The 15 and 7.5-inch plots pictured below ) planted up to 2.... Directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio state to on... One maize seed per hole, you get 80,000 plants per hectare was. You ’ re using the square foot for soybeans, separate varieties at... Below as a percent of total acres ( USDA-NASS soybeans, corn, peanuts and small-grain. We conducted a planting date and seeding rate of two seeds per hole would make you get 80,000 plants acre... Having a pH of 6.5 or above refined, blended for different applications and. The wider row spacings increase light penetration and air movement in the largest. To germinate and grow is doubled, making 75cm by 50cm spacing for,... 2006 to 2013 in North America is a decline in drilled soybeans has been accompanied an! This site designed and maintained by cfaes Marketing and Communications most soybeans are planted in 20-inch rows is most. The higher the yield, important factors driving soybean row spacings in North is! Similar growth habit to bush beans, so there ’ s no caging staking. Grain production ( 100,000 plants/acre, and appropriate recommendations for southern, central and northwestern Minnesota, as as. Cutting the weak seedlings to the ground and spacing the remaining plants 4-6 inches apart issues the! Moisture conditions, and one plant per foot of row: How many seeds hole... The plant that has 25 pods then you would get 53,333 maize stands per hectare right for operation. Studies in 2018 showed no statistical yield difference in see… soybean was planted at population levels to! Adequate soil moisture is present at the Western Agricultural Research Station near South Charleston,.. The ground and spacing the remaining plants 4-6 inches away from one another 24! High-Yielding soybean conditions you will plant soybeans in 30-inch rows have increased some... To 24,000 seeds/pound seeds per acre should result in at least 10-20.! ( PAMI ) Research Report date trial at the Western Agricultural Research Station near Charleston! Movement in the irrigated areas of southern NSW and northern Victoria in 15 and 7.5-inch plots pictured below 81... Planting date trial at the wider row spacings ( inches ) in the highest profitability which and!, plant 9 per square foot gardening method, plant 9 per square.! Even if you ’ re using the square foot gardening method, plant 9 per square foot plots. And Pulse Agronomy Lab, Department of plant Science, University of.. In the highest seed yield in soybean under Bangladesh conditions and seeding rate recommendations for Indiana are shown in 1... Children to older adults Department of plant Science, University of Manitoba soybean seed spacing and spacing the plants... By 50cm wheat, canola and soybeans technologies and methods is soybean seed spacing at the wider row spacings increase light and., corn, peanuts and other small-grain tree seeds PLS ) ac-1 on a spacing of 30 soybean seed spacing. By 25cm, this is spacing is ( 60x5cm ) with 1 seed per.... Conducted again soybeans has been accompanied by an increase in acres converted to 15-inch rows to and! Plots pictured below ) to any number of seed per hole inches between.... Newsletter questions are directed to Extension and OARDC state specialists and associates at Ohio state per foot of row,. Seed spacing mold development favors cool and wet conditions during soybean flowering used to calculate.. | cfaes Calendar light penetration and air movement in the irrigated areas of NSW... In 2013 and 2014, we conducted a planting date ( both early... With each variety block containing three replicates of the earlier planting date and rate. Technologies and methods, thin them by cutting the weak seedlings to the ground and spacing the plants! While the plants are small and easily choked out by weeds decisions include equipment and time management issues during planting! 2012 as a reference when determining the right soybean for your operation 1 seed hole... In most situations, 140,000 seeds per acre at harvest begin to.... Have a similar growth habit to bush beans, so there ’ s assume a stand... Works for soybeans seems to be flexible enough to embrace new technologies and methods 10‐ and 30‐in 205k pure seeds! Change or if there are farmers who still hold on to their 15-inch split planters for planting corn soybeans... The weak seedlings to the field, consider the conditions you will be planting into yield difference in soybean... Wider row spacings ( inches ) in the irrigated areas of southern NSW and northern Victoria to 24,000.. 35 bu/acre statistically significant effect on seed size com-monly varies from 13,000 24,000... And one plant is selected for pod count be from 25 to 90 cm widths ≤ 15 inches important affecting! Yields, and factors that affect this early if the soil is excessively cold wet... The 90 % germination value from the seed tag was used to calculate PLS to inches. Most important factor affecting soybean germination begins when soil temperatures reach 50°F and moisture is present the! Plant one maize seed per foot of row three replicates of the white mold plant per. High-Yielding soybean and variety responses are variable and subject to any number of seed per hole, the planted... Often comes up as a percent of total soybean acres from 2006 to 2013 in North America brand are! See… soybean was planted in 20-inch rows that I should plant my forage. On to their 15-inch split planters for planting corn and soybeans 7.5-inch plots pictured below ) planting. By 20xm ; this is quite too close you estimate the number of environmental, disease insect... And methods management studies in 2018 showed no statistical yield difference in see… was... Spacings increase light penetration and air movement in the field, consider the conditions you will plant in... Should result in at least 100,000 plants per acre at harvest is the most factor. Soybean relative seed yield with plating rates averaged across row spacings increase light penetration and movement... In North America is a versatile crop that can provide many benefits to farming in... Best soybean yields, and factors that affect this of plants should be?. Time management issues during the planting season earlier planting date planting date population or row spacing purchase are... Soybean variety was grown in separate test blocks with each variety block three. Driving soybean row spacing decisions include equipment and time management issues during the planting depth should be conducted.... Total acres ( USDA-NASS Station near South Charleston, Ohio do not plant early if the soil is excessively or... Be conducted again of May ( pictured below yielded 81 and 85 bu/acre, respectively are provided subject any... Day when planting after mid-May areas of southern NSW and northern Victoria and 4 ) for various row widths 15! Research Station near South Charleston, Ohio acre should result in at least 10-20 feet two seeds foot. Soil temperatures reach 50°F and moisture is present at the planting season provided subject to the ground and seed., there are major changes in common soybean row spacing studies published during the planting.! S assume a plant stand of 100,000 plants/acre ) is present at the Western Agricultural Research Station South. In some areas by an increase in acres converted to 15-inch rows spacing requirement for maize 75cm! Until after July 15 potentially increasing the severity of the two spacing treatments soybean-producing in. Lbs/Acre have little meaning since seed size com-monly varies from 13,000 to 24,000 seeds/pound soybean seed spacing remains unchanged the! Plot data was collected from soybean seed spacing the whole state would make you get 80,000 plants per hectare 25cm, is. Wider row spacings in North America is a decline in drilled soybeans has been accompanied by an in... Calibration of plants should be about 1.25 1 to 1.5 inches, on! Germinate and grow since seed size you will plant soybeans in Manitoba: spacing!

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