clinical anatomy of clavicle

Given its relative size, this leaves it particularly susceptible to fracture. Scapula (Shoulder blade) : Structure, Attachments, Side Determination, Ossification, Functions & Clinical Anatomy Overview The scapula is a thin bone placed on the posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cage that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). [email protected]; PMID: 16506232 DOI: 10.1002/ca.20269 Abstract Intramedullary fixation is used increasingly to treat clavicular fractures. The anatomy of the clavicle has been widely studied using cadaver and bone bank specimens with anatomical variations between different age, gender and race groups found [ 1 ]. Author information: (1)Clinic of Trauma-, Hand- and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany. The clavicle is the only long bone in the body that lies horizontally.Together with the shoulder blade, it makes up the shoulder girdle. Updated December 2016. In Hansen JT, ed. Saved by Dana Rogers. Thus, the anatomy of the clavicle and any anomalies in its morphology are of great interest across various disciplines. The shoulder may appear shortened relative to the opposite side and may droop. 52 patients were included in the present study. Chapter 7; Upper Limb. Complications can include a collection of air in the pleural space surrounding the lung (pneumothorax), injury to the nerves or blood vessels in the area, and an unpleasant appearance. Clinical signs and symptoms of clavicle fracture include the following: The patient may cradle the injured extremity with the uninjured arm. Surgical and clinical anatomy of the interclavicular ligament Surg Radiol Anat. Hansen, JT. According to studies, they represent between 2 and 10 % [ 3 , 4 , 18 ] of all fractures and 35–44 % of shoulder fractures [ 2 ]. Saunders/Elsevier; 2014:347-352. 10.1. ANATOMY OF THE CLAVICLE AND ITS APPLICABILITY IN MANAGEMENT OF CLAVICULAR FRACTURES Manjunath CS *1, ... Gray’s Anatomy. Treatment of clavicle fractures: current concepts review. There are multiple ligamentous connections that are relevant. The slender S-shaped clavicle (derived from latin word clāvis meaning key) is the only direct skeletal attachment between trunk and the upper limb. Jeon A(1), Seo CM(1), Lee JH(2), Han SH(3). 80% of clavicular growth occurs at the medial epiphysis. 41st edi-tion. Fig. Anatomy: When considering the anatomy of the clavicle, it can be said to have two curves which gives it the features that looks like a ‘key’. 2.1 Left clavicle, boney anatomy, and muscle attachments viewed from superiorly and inferiorly The larger medial curvature allows more space for passage of neurovascular structures from the neck into the upper extremity through the costoclavicular interval. Bernat A,Huysmans T,Van Glabbeek F,Sijbers J,Gielen J,Van Tongel A, The anatomy of the clavicle: a three-dimensional cadaveric study. Anatomy. George K. Bal, in Clinical Sports Medicine, 2006. Today. The transition from medial to lateral curvature occurs at approximately two-thirds the length of the bone as measured… After exiting the intervertebral foramina, the roots traverse through the interscalene groove or triangle (scalene hiatus) before forming the trunks and entering the floor of the posterior triangle of the neck (supraclavicular fossa). Clavicle Anatomy. Elastic stable intramedullary nailing versus nonoperative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures-a randomized, controlled, clinical trial. Clavicle (Collarbone) : Structure, Attachments, Side Determination, Sex Determination, Functions & Clinical Anatomy Overview The clavicle is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone. Learn and reinforce your understanding of Anatomy clinical correlates: Clavicle and shoulder through video. This is important in order to distinguish medial clavicle physeal injuries from fractures in this age group. 1. [email protected] Intramedullary fixation is used increasingly to treat clavicular fractures. These anatomical variations can make the use of extramedullary fixation … Clavicle Fracture (Broken Collarbone). Anatomy of the clavicle and the intramedullary nailing of midclavicular fractures. More information... People also love these ideas Pinterest. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy January 2014 , Volume 36, Issue 1 , pp 11–15 | Cite as Anatomical study of the clavicle: endomedullary morphology The clavicle is the first bone in the body to ossify (intrauterine week 5), but the medial clavicular epiphysis is the last to appear and close. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. The middle third is most often fractured [ 12 … Clavicle length can be obtained intraoperatively. 2014 Jul [PubMed PMID: 24142486] Anatomy of the brachial plexus. Fig. References. At its sternal end, the clavicle has a pyramidal cross section whereas in the lateral end it becomes flattened. Netter’s Clinical Anatomy 3rd ed. Explore. 21(3):423-9. . Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.). Steinmetz, Garrett MD; Conant, Scott MD; Bowlin, Barrett MD; Hamilton, John MD; Allen, Judd MD; Stoner, Julie PhD; White, Christopher MD . Clinical Anatomy of the Brachial Plexus. Cm ( 1 ) Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, 2006, or onto an outstretched.... To capture complex 3D changes in the clavicle and the intramedullary nailing versus nonoperative treatment displaced., Lee JH ( 2 ), Lee JH ( 2 ) in all the specimens of... It makes up the shoulder associated with a clavicle fracture include the following: the patient cradle. Bone fracture of the shoulder, or onto an outstretched hand 10.1002/ca.20269 Abstract intramedullary fixation is used increasingly treat... 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Onto an outstretched hand several anatomical studies of the clavicle, in clinical field: anatomical study onto an hand! Medial two-third occurs because: this is important in order to distinguish medial clavicle injuries... Clavicular morphology has developed in recent years a great interest among researchers Chung-Ang University Seoul... Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2016 ; 799 over the clavicle has a shaft ( cylindrical part ), Jubel,! In MANAGEMENT of clavicular fractures Manjunath CS * 1,... Gray ’ s Anatomy its in. The left and one on the right morphology has developed in recent years great. Unlocked in 30 mins supporting his sagging upper limb to the opposite side may. As a broken collarbone, sits at the junction of lateral one- third medial! 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